What is Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a condition in which there is an excess of melanin present in the skin. Melanin protects us from the sun, but in some people there can be an excess of this present. This condition usually tends to occur in people that are darker because their skin creates an overload of melanin. Patches of skin tend to become darker than the areas around in this condition.
Although hyperpigmentation is harmless, it can cause dark spots or discoloration on your skin which can obviously change its appearance. This isn’t ideal because your skin is an important part of your appearance and most people take great care when it comes to their skin. There are a number of reasons as to why hyperpigmentation occurs. One of the main causes includes exposure to the sun. If you are always exposed to the sun, chances are that the melanin in your body may just end up storing deposits in certain areas instead of the evening it out over the tone of your skin.
Here are some of the other causes
- Liver spots: These are fairly common and they tend to occur from sun damage. They will usually show up on your hands, face or other areas that are exposed to the sun.
- Melasma: These spots tend to be similar to liver spots but form because of hormonal changes.
- Acne: This is the most common problem that tends to cause discoloration especially after the acne disappears.
- Drug use: Hyperpigmentation can also occur if you are on certain drugs such as anti-malarial ones or anti-depressants. Your skin may also end up becoming grey because of this.
Apart from these cases, surgery can also end up leaving dark patches. These patches of discoloration can end up becoming even darker if it is exposed to the sun.
Types of Hyperpigmentation Treatment
- Over the Counter Medication
- Laser Treatment
- Home Remedies
- Natural Topical Cream (Hyperpigmentation Cream)
Over the counter remedies: These are usually resorted to because they work quickly. If you have come to realize that you are suffering from hyperpigmentation, you can simply go to a pharmacist and ask for an over the counter medication. This would be a whitening cream which you can easily apply to the affected area and it would clear up after continuous use. Since the main ingredient used in these creams is hydroquinone, you can be sure that the discoloration would lighten, fade and eventually make that area the same color as the rest of your skin since it has bleaching agents.
Laser treatment: This is also an option in which the discoloration is removed without scarring but the treatment is often expensive as compared to creams which are a bit slower.
Home Remedies: There are some home remedies that you can also try out if you aren’t willing to spend on medication. These include:
- Rubbing rose water on to the area with cotton every day.
- Applying aloe vera gel on the area twice a day.
- Applying the pulp obtained from papaya once a week on the affected area.
- Applying a paste of orange peel powder along with milk as a pack once a week on to the area.
Hyperpigmentation cream: People often resort to hyperpigmentation creams because these can do wonders for your skin without harming it. How? A good hyperpigmentation cream has natural ingredients which can eventually lighten and fade the patch or patches and eventually make your skin an even tone. Apart from hydroquinone, there are also other ingredients such as vitamin C or tretinoin which are present. Obviously, the cream would take time and you will need to apply it continuously for about 3 months if you really want to see results.
These patches can really hamper your appearance
For those that don’t have hyperpigmentation, they don’t really understand what it feels like to find dark patches on different places on your skin. You will more than likely experience this on your face, arms, or neck. Laser treatment can be quick but it is something that not everyone can afford. A good hyperpigmentation cream will work naturally and just as good if you are dedicated and apply it as suggested. It is also important that you drink plenty of water and cover up your skin with sunscreen whenever you head out during the day.